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Aracaris (genus Pteroglossus)

The aracaris (or araçaris – genus Pteroglossus) are medium-sized Toucans that are brightly plumaged and sport large colorful beaks.

The aracaris inhabit the warm rainforests of Central or South America – where are typically found high up in the forest canopy.

Close up of Aracaris
Close up of Aracaris

They are resident breeders and do not migrate – although some species may move seasonally within their range.

Species list

  • Saffron Toucanet, Pteroglossus bailloni
  • Green Aracari, Pteroglossus viridis
  • Lettered Aracari, Pteroglossus inscriptus
  • Collared Aracari, Pteroglossus torquatus
  • Black-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus aracari
  • Chestnut-eared Aracari, Pteroglossus castanotis
  • Many-banded Aracari, Pteroglossus pluricinctus
  • Ivory-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus azara
  • Curl-crested Aracari, Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
  • Red-necked Aracari, Pteroglossus bitorquatus
  • Brown-mandibled Aracari, Pteroglossus mariae
  • Fiery-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus frantzii
  • Stripe-billed Aracari, Pteroglossus sanguineus
  • Pale-mandibled Aracari, Pteroglossus erythropygius

Social Behavior

The aracaris are unusual for toucans in that they roost socially throughout the year, up to six adults and fledged young sleeping in the same hole with tails folded over their backs.

Collared Aracari Perched on Vine
Collared Aracari Perched on Vine


They nest in trees with appropriate hollows, most of which are previously made by woodpeckers. Other hollows are the result of a branch break and ensuing rotting of the heart wood from rain over a period of time.

Both the male and female share the incubation and chick rearing duties.

The average clutch size consists of 2–4 white eggs.The eggs are incubated for about 16 days.

The newly hatched chicks are blind and naked with short bills and thick pads on their heels to protect them from the rough floor of the nest. Both parents, as well as their previous offspring and/or possibly other adults, feed the chicks.

The young fledge after about 6 weeks. The adults continue to feed them for several weeks after fledging.


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